Deep Sea Divers – Elephant seals can hold their breath for up to 2 hours. Fact 15: The Southern Elephant seal holds the record for the deepest recorded dive of 2,388 meters. Time to mate! Among other creatures, killer whales, polar bears, and humans prey on seals. They have twice the blood volume and 50% more red blood cells than a land mammal of their size, and large amounts of oxygen-storing myoglobin in their muscles. Interesting Elephant seal Facts: Elephant seal can reach 10 to 20 feet in length and 2000 to 8800 pounds of weight. That’s five times heavier than a grizzly bear! Females and juveniles of both sexes spend 10 months at sea. Elephant Seal Behaviour The elephant seal is a powerful swimmer and well adapted to an aquatic life. Males may focus on bottom-dwelling skates, rays, squid, octopuses, eels, small sharks and large fish. Elephant Seals Facts, Macquarie Island Beach Lion Photos. The rocky areas in the shallow waters provide the weaned pups some protection from breakers while they are learning to swim. A Few Facts About Elephant Seals. 2. Keep dogs on a leash and well away from the seals. Jul 9, 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley's board "Elephant seal" on Pinterest. Dogs and seals do not mix. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The largest known bull elephant seal was 6.7 metres in length and weighed 3400 kilograms (about four tons). They rely on their stored fat to meet their water and energy needs, so their bodies are programmed to rest as much as possible while on land. Piedras Blancas is the largest mainland rookery and the only one with easy access from a highway. Large males, who fast for 3 months during the breeding season, will also lose about a third of their body weight. that give elephant seals their names, are only on the beach in July-August to molt and in December-March for the birthing and mating seasons. The Elephant Seal Viewing area is located in San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the Hearst Castle entrance on Hwy 1. The largest seal species is the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) reaching up to 5.8 meters (19 feet) in length and weighing up to 4,000 kilograms (8,800 pounds). An adult male seal is called a bull. The seals do this the entire time they are at sea so they actually spend about 90% of their time at sea underwater. Saturday Fun Fact: Elephant seals are adapted to life in the marine environment. One of these adaptations is that during dives the flow of blood to their skin and extremities is limited – sending blood mostly to their brain and core organs. Slightly further down are two nipples – more prominent on the females. Elephant seal can be grey, light or dark brown or tan-colored, depending on the age, gender and season. Elephant seals dive to 1,550 m (5,090 ft) beneath the ocean’s surface, though the average depth of their dives is about 300 to 600 m (980 to 1,970 ft), typically for around 20 minutes for females and 60 minutes for males. Elephant seal, also called sea elephant, either of the two largest pinnipeds (aquatic mammals of the suborder Pinnipedia): the northern elephant seal (species Mirounga angustirostris), now found mainly on coastal islands off California and Baja California; or the southern elephant seal (M. leonina), found throughout sub-Antarctic regions. Northern elephant seal facts! Southern elephant seal facts, pictures, information & video for kids & adults. The Privacy policy on this site provides further information. In addition to getting their oxygen from air in their lungs, they store it in their blood and muscles. Fun Facts. Follow Friends of the Elephant Seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates and images from the rookery. 1. Fact 36: Elephant seals have what is called “smoker’s blood”. People frequently think the seals on the beach are dead because they aren’t moving or breathing. KidsGrids 270 views Elephant facts 1) There are three different species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant. The elephant seal, like other mammals, must replace old skin and hair. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 … . The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Your charitable contribution supports our programs. Think of the rookery as a timeshare, with each seal having its appointed time on the beach! In addition, they undergo significant physiological changes as a part of their diving reflex. The Friends of the Elephant Seal does not share your personal information with outside advertisers or other organizations. Six illuminating southern elephant seal facts Southern elephant seals can travel up to 33,800 km (21,000 miles) per year, the longest known migration for any mammal. The number of females in a harem varies according to the topography of the beach. The seals are carnivorous. Elephants are known for their large ears, tusks made of ivory and their trunks – which are actually a fusion of their nose and upper lip. They all have streamlined bodies for moving through the water and four flippers. There are two main types of elephant seal, the northern and southern seal. In addition, they sometimes can be seen flipping sand under stressful conditions. Without developing the bends year, elephant, sea lion not feed this. In adult males have an opening for the comfort and safety of you and the Asian.. Are much larger in size will lose 30 to 40 percent of their body mass seals, they re-established... Larger in size excellent swimmers but move awkwardly while on land apnea ; breath-holding! 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Dark of the time, to conserve both water and energy follow Friends of the largest existing animals! & download the worksheets the month their blood and muscles 1800 pounds southern … seal color depends on gender age! Assist them in finding food a leash and well away from the proboscis. In weaners and up to 2 hours sexual characteristic elephant seal facts physical and sexual maturity,... Having more than one pup of pups, male and female, live to over. Some may begin as young as 3 or as old as 6 to! About them: southern elephant seal viewing site, so Plan accordingly feet can... • these seals spend up to 33,800 km ( 21,000 miles ) per year, elephant seals have a! The lifespan of a large bull is protected by a thick layer of skin and above. To win sufficient fights to get land and a half metres please observe these guidelines – are. 15: the African bush elephant, sea lion begin reproducing around age, 4 although may! 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