[48] A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. [31][failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. These areas were placed into a residential red zone. Some residents went several days without official contact, so neighbours were encouraged to attend to those around them. In Christchurch City during the Canterbury earthquake sequence, the dynamics between resilience and sustainability were certainly evident. [261][262] Retrospective self-report is affected greatly by the individual's current state of distress. For other uses, see, For the aftershock that occurred on 13 June 2011, see, "I know that [Australians'] thoughts are with the people of New Zealand as they grapple with this enormous tragedy in Christchurch. [170] Portable shower units were also established in the eastern suburbs. As per the protocols of New Zealand's Coordinated Incident Management System, the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act, and the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and Guide, Civil Defence Emergency Management became lead agency—with the Director of the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management John Hamilton as National Controller. [234] The public grandstand at Addington was later demolished due to damage from the earthquake and aftershocks. Because it has been found that different demographics are affected differently,[256] this also needs to be taken into account when finding solutions to aid recovery. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down. [189] All Black Sonny Bill Williams and Sky Television both made large donations from Williams' fourth boxing bout which was dubbed "The Clash For Canterbury". [137][150], The Royal New Zealand Air Force provided an air bridge between Christchurch and Wellington using two Boeing 757 and three C-130 Hercules, and bringing in emergency crews and equipment and evacuating North Island residents and tourists out of Christchurch. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. Statistics New Zealand expects Christchurch's population growth rate to return to pre-earthquake levels. [178], Various sporting events were set up to raise money, such as the "Fill the Basin" cricket match at the Basin Reserve, featuring ex-New Zealand internationals, All Blacks and actors from The Hobbit, which raised more than $500,000. It is estimated that 10,600 people moved away from Christchurch, with the 1,700 people difference to the population loss explained through some people moving to Christchurch. [71] The 26-storey building was displaced by half a metre in the quake and had dropped by 1 metre on one side; parts of the emergency stairwells collapsed. Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, J., Boden, J.M., & Mulder, R.T. (2014). [174] Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. [19] 80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged. A Central City Red Zone was established on the day of the earthquake as a public exclusion zone in central Christchurch. [30], The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement,[16] with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. [91] Two people died on local walking tracks after being hit by rockfalls. In his formal statement, he commented that the loss of life was "dreadful" and the "thoughts and prayers of the British people were with them". [190][191][192], Several charity concerts were held both in New Zealand and overseas including a previously unscheduled visit to New Zealand by American rock group Foo Fighters, who performed a Christchurch benefit concert in Auckland on 22 March 2011. [115], The nationalities of the deceased are as follows. The earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks. Government expressed its concern over the stalemate and appointed an independent negotiator and in September 2017, the Christchurch Diocesan Synod announced that ChristChurch Cathedral will be reinstated[67] after promises of extra grants and loans from local and central government. EQC chief executive Ian Simpson said that the $4 billion cap for each earthquake is unlikely to be exceeded by the costs of residential building and land repairs, so $3 billion would be left in the EQC's Natural Disaster Fund after payouts. [157], Humanitarian support and welfare were provided by various agencies, in particular the New Zealand Red Cross[158] and the Salvation Army. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. forces generated by the earthquake. [13], Although smaller in magnitude than the 2010 earthquake, the February earthquake was more damaging and deadly for a number of reasons. Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC. 2011) and three subsequent earthquakes of Mw≥ 5.9, most notably the 22 February 2011 Mw6.2 Christchurch earthquake (e.g., Kaiser et al. [256][257] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. 1.8 times the acceleration of gravity),[22] with the highest recording 2.2g, at Heathcote Valley Primary School,[3] a shaking intensity equivalent to MM X+. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. 2010-2011 Christchurch New Zealand Earthquake Sequence Alexis Kwasinski,a John Eidinger,b M.EERI, Alex Tang,c M.EERI, and Christophe Tudo-Bornareld From late 2010 to mid 2011, Christchurch suffered a series of earthquakes and aftershocks that affected the city’s power supply. [68] By mid-2019 early design and stabilisation work had begun. The 6.3-magnitude earthquake may have been an aftershock of the 7.1-magnitude 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake.New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia … quake hit like a 'bomb', Canadians say; Harper offers Canada's help", "Christchurch earthquake: David Cameron texts New Zealand counterpart", Chinese, Japanese and Filipino students feared dead in Christchurch rubble, "Obama sends U.S. disaster response team to New Zealand", "Fill The Basin raises more than $500,000", "Cricket: Vettori puts all memorabilia up for auction", "VIDEO: Huge payday for Canterbury Red Cross from SBW and Sky", "PM announces national memorial service for ChCh", "Prince William to address thousands at quake memorial", "Gillard, Abbott to attend Christchurch earthquake memorial", "Royal inquiry into Christchurch quake building collapses", "The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission", "CTV royal commission finds deficiencies", "Christchurch will be 'world's most quake-safe city, "Commission dollars drained by Christchurch earthquakes", "Christchurch campervan village to house hundred", "Christchurch earthquake: Entire streets may be abandoned", "Mark Wilson (Principal of Cashmere High School) – Canterbury Earthquake – Checkpoint", "Seat of learning shifts to marquees and portacoms", "Tent-town campus planned for Canterbury University", "Pupils to return to shared sites in earthquake-stricken Christchurch", "1010 refugee pupils swell schools' rolls", "Repaired Linwood College ready for classes", "Seven Chch schools to close, 12 to merge", "New Zealand Cricket Offices Hit By Earthquake", "Plunket Shield rejigged in wake of earthquake", "Schedule shift saves team from Christchurch quake", "Crusaders withdraw from Hurricanes match – draw declared", "Trafalgar Park to be Crusaders' temporary home", "Canterbury Tactix need match, training venues", "Canterbury Tactix game moved to Rotorua", "NZRL consider Anzac test venue in wake of quake", "League: Anzac test shifted from Christchurch", "Christchurch earthquake: Law change needed to cancel census", "2013 Census announcement  – Media Release", "Quake barely touches likely 2031 head tally", "Before the 2011/12 earthquakes, Christchurch had overtaken Wellington to become New Zealand's second largest city", "Christchurch no longer second biggest city", "Investing in Christchurch 'doesn't stack up, "Brian Gaynor: Quake wake up call for disaster insurer", "Christchurch quake: EQC has enough money and 'reinsurance' to cover cost – English", "New Zealand's Earthquake May Become Costliest Insured Disaster Since 2008", "Disaster could cost insurance sector $12bn", "Quake injuries payout likely to be ACC's biggest ever", "Key Expects New Zealand Central Bank to Lower Rates, Sends Kiwi Tumbling", "The Canterbury Earthquakes: Scientific answers to critical questions", Christchurch earthquake official statements, Satellite radar images of earth deformation, "Preliminary Report from the Christchurch 22 Feb 2011 6.3mw Earthquake: Pre-1970s RC(reinforced concrete) and RCM(reinforced concrete blocks masonry) Buildings, and Precast Staircase Damage", Visual representation of Christchurch earthquakes since 4 September 2010, Lyttelton Road Tunnel Administration Building, Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010, Fergana Valley (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2011_Christchurch_earthquake&oldid=1000045256, Articles with dead external links from August 2015, Articles with failed verification from June 2019, Articles with incomplete citations from March 2012, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A clustered sequence of earthquakes beginning with the 1994 M w 6.7 Arthurs Pass earthquake and including the 1994 M w 6.0, 1995 M w 6.0, and 1995 M w 6.2 Cass earthquakes occurred with epicentres < 40 km apart in the eastern Southern Alps (Fig. Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. Looking at territorial areas only, i.e. [47] The TranzAlpine was cancelled until 4 March, to allow for personnel resources to be transferred to repairing track and related infrastructure, and moving essential freight into Christchurch, while the TranzCoastal has been cancelled until mid-August. Three RNZAF Beechcraft Super King Air aircraft were also used to evacuate people from Christchurch. [230] AMI Stadium was going to host the rugby league ANZAC Test, however, on 4 March it was announced the match would be moved to Skilled Park on the Gold Coast. [DOI: 10.1193/030113EQS060M] INTRODUCTION The 2010–2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence includes the 4 September 2010 Mw7.1 Darfield earthquake (e.g., Gledhill et al. [204] While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies. One P-3 Orion was deployed in the initial stages of the disaster to provide images and photographs of the city. ×´3±™Dv¼ó —¹&. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). Following the damaging 4 Sept 2010 Mw7.1 Darfield Earthquake, the 22 Feb 2011 Christchurch Earthquake and subsequent damaging aftershocks, we completed a liquefaction hazard evaluation for c. 2700 km2 of the coastal Canterbury region. Twelve Japanese students from the Toyama College of Foreign Languages died in the building collapse. In the 2010 earthquake, 180,000 claims were processed as opposed to the expected 130,000 claims for the 2011 aftershock. [153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. The Pacific and the Indo-Australian plates have a fault line running along between them. [162], Thousands of people helped with the clean-up efforts—involving the removal of over 200,000 tonnes of liquefaction silt—including Canterbury University's Student Volunteer Army which was created in response to the earthquake that September and the Federated Farmers' "Farmy Army". Researching the mental health effects of earthquakes and other disasters is important so communities can heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event. Christchurch Quake Map. [178], Sixty-six Japanese USAR members and three specialist search and rescue dogs arrived in Christchurch within two days of the February earthquake. The earthquake destroyed the ChristChurch Cathedral's spire and part of its tower, and severely damaged the structure of the remaining building. [110] Over half of the deaths occurred in the six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) Building, which collapsed and caught fire in the earthquake. Erskine, N., Daley, V., Stevenson, Su. They started work immediately in a multi-agency response to the collapse of the CTV Building on Madras Street. [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. With limited water supplies for firefighting, a total fire ban was introduced, and the fire service brought in water tankers from other centres. In September 2012, Minister of Education Hekia Parata announced plans to permanently close and/or merge a number of schools due to falling roll numbers and quake damage. A decision was made to remove the dome because the supporting structure was weakened. [184], The Queen said she was "utterly shocked" and her "thoughts were with all those affected". Christchurch's central city and eastern suburbs were badly affected, with damage to buildings and infrastructure already weakened by the magnitude 7.1 Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010 and its aftershocks. Before Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (2010) Christchurch, New Zealand Backdrop. "[186], Barack Obama, President of the United States, issued a statement from the White House Press Office on the disaster by way of an official announcement that "On behalf of the American people, Michelle and I extend our deepest condolences to the people of New Zealand and to the families and friends of the victims in Christchurch, which has suffered its second major earthquake in just six months... As our New Zealand friends move forward, may they find some comfort and strength in knowing that they will have the enduring friendship and support of many partners around the world, including the United States." Location of the 12:51pm quake epicentre within Christchurch. [46] Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. Canterbury Earthquake Sequence In the early hours of Saturday morning, September 4, 2010 a strong, shallow earthquake struck Christchurch marking the start of the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (CES). [12][21], The peak ground acceleration (PGA) in central Christchurch exceeded 1.8g (i.e. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. The Christchurch earthquake in September the 4th 2010 and its aftershocks were caused by plate tectonics such as these, the two plates involved collided in an transverse collision. [7] Due to the injuries sustained some bodies remained unidentified. Statistics New Zealand's main urban area definition for Christchurch includes Kaiapoi, which belongs to Waimakariri District, and Prebbleton, which belongs to Selwyn District. Regional … "[53][54], Of the 3,000 buildings inspected within the four avenues of the central city by 3 March 2011, 45% had been given red or yellow stickers to restrict access because of the safety problems. It was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep. [223] Some matches needed to be rescheduled. [256][258][259][260] Those with the most exposure suffer the most from mental health deficits, compared with those that are relatively unaffected. [127][128][129][130][131] Many of them received standing ovations from appreciative locals as they walked through Christchurch Airport upon arrival. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. [11][12] According to GNS Science seismologists, the energy released in Christchurch was equivalent to a magnitude 6.7 earthquake. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. [33] Geologists reported liquefaction was worse than the 2010 earthquake.[16]. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . The cliff behind Redcliffs School collapsed onto the houses below. ÓÜhO;ø¿ŸÕ^?=}(\ÓRŽkg˜¾Gò4wôM˜§1Wuã£Fœ’x!ù> …ðÐZn hóìÏbõ&¦³9}wn…˜Dà§"saÀºQÿL•¾6wŸrߟ©ùÜH„W¹ÿ#ÔÃ0©¡[úÝh¹ºá|Yï2 ó±*°%å The earthquake … This meant most secondary schools in the city had closed early that day and most students had returned home before the earthquake hit, by coincidence limiting potential casualties. [256] Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. [88], On 7 March, Prime Minister John Key said that around 10,000 houses would need to be demolished, and liquefaction damage meant that some parts of Christchurch could not be rebuilt on. [135] They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. Canada is standing by to offer any possible assistance to New Zealand in responding to this natural disaster. He said Australia would send counsellors over and a disaster medical assistance team comprising 23 emergency and surgical personnel. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. [178], China gave US$500,000 to the earthquake appeal, and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao expressed his deep condolences to New Zealand. [241] Some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand economy 50 to 100 years to completely recover. [101], Twelve streets in Redcliffs were evacuated on the night of 24 February 2015 after some cliffs and hills surrounding Redcliffs were deemed unstable. Executive Summary “Recovery after great disaster is always complex, takes a very long time, and never occurs fast enough for affected residents” 1. Studying earthquakes has shown to be a difficult task when considering all the limitations created by natural disasters. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. [199], The inquiry began in April 2011 and was completed in November 2012. 6 2. Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? The earthquake injured a total of 46 people, while … The Christchurch earthquake sequence has been on-going since September 4th 2010. Welfare Centres and support networks were established throughout the city. [106], KiwiRail reported that the TranzAlpine service was terminating at Greymouth and the TranzCoastal terminating at Picton. [55] As of February 2015, there had been 1240 demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes. [76][77], The Carlton Hotel, a listed heritage building, was undergoing repairs after the September 2010 earthquake damage when the February 2011 earthquake damaged the building further. [220][221], Christchurch was set to host five pool matches and two quarter finals of the 2011 Rugby World Cup. [229] The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed,[229] while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. That would make it the third most costly earthquake event in history, after the 2011 Japan and 1994 California earthquakes. The Australian Government also pledged A$5 million (NZ$6.7 million[175]) to the Red Cross Appeal. [177] Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." Chief amongst these are the constant after-shocks; land acquisition, psycho-social and business continuity issues. [45], Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. It was caused by another unknown hidden fault, which didn’t rupture at the surface but which moved land both sideways and vertically. "[119] It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 1951 waterfront dispute. [247][248], Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee echoed that fewer claims were expected through the EQC than for 2010. JPMorgan Chase & Co say the total overall losses related to this earthquake may be US$12 billion. It was preceded by a magnitude 5.6 tremor, and affected many structures previously damaged by other earthquakes. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. [24] The acceleration occurred mainly in a vertical direction,[16] with eyewitness accounts of people being tossed into the air. Latest earthquake is #25940 being magnitude 2.43 ( II) at 33.12 km at 12:10am, about 23 hr 8 mins ago. The International Rugby Board and the New Zealand Rugby World Cup organisers announced in March 2011 that the city would be unable to host the World Cup matches. Home; Starting on: 4 September 2010; 22 February 2011; 13 June 2011; 23 December 2011; Big Quakes ; Largest 25; Latest 25; Today; Past week; Other Maps; Daily Energy Release; FAQs / Help; About; Daily Energy Release. (2014). [201], On 29 March 2011, Prime Minister John Key and Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker announced the creation of the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) to manage the earthquake recovery, co-operating with the government, local councils and residents, under chief executive John Ombler. Rescue efforts continued for over a week, then shifted into recovery mode. The humble domestic concrete slab is a very important component in getting things right first time. [196] New Zealand's governor-general, Sir Anand Satyanand, attended, along with John Key, Bob Parker, and a number of local and international dignitaries. The quarter final matches were moved to Auckland. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. 2013). More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. [138][139] The last survivor was pulled from the rubble the day after the quake. Christchurch Hospital was partly evacuated due to damage in some areas,[70] but remained open throughout to treat the injured. Map showing recent earthquake activity in and around Christchurch, New Zealand. [249][250], The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) announced it would be the largest single event they had paid out for, with an estimated 7,500 injury claims costing over $200 million. [133] They were aided by DVI teams from Australia, UK, Thailand[134] Taiwan and Israel.[133]. CDEM were supported by local authorities, New Zealand Police, Fire Service, Defence Force and many other agencies and organisations. (2015). The severest of those events were the earthquake (magnitude from 7.0 to … [163], On the day of the earthquake, Prime Minister John Key said that 22 February, "...may well be New Zealand's darkest day",[164] and Mayor of Christchurch Bob Parker warned that New Zealanders are "going to be presented with statistics that are going to be bleak". The 6.3-magnitude earthquake may have been an aftershock of the 7.1-magnitude 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake. [227] The Crusaders played their entire home schedule away from Christchurch,. [97] Three deaths were reported in the Sumner area, according to the Sumner Chief Fire Officer. [137] The United States sent Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, a 74-member heavy rescue team consisting of firefighters and paramedics from the Los Angeles County Fire Department, doctors, engineers and 26 tons of pre-packaged rescue equipment. [84][85][86], Several other churches were seriously damaged, including: Knox Presbyterian Church, St Luke's Anglican Church, Durham Street Methodist Church, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, Oxford Terrace Baptist Church, Holy Trinity Avonside and Holy Trinity, Lyttelton. The Civic, the council's third home, was heavily damaged in February and was demolished. [59] A government report later found that the building's construction was faulty and should not have been approved. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. Christchurch City has experienced widespread damage, ongoing disruption and building demolitions resulting in many difficulties for the residents of the Christchurch area. [255], The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. The court subsequently ruled in favour of Phillipstown and overturned the merger. [260] People who exhibit lower mental health prior to the trauma don't adapt as well following trauma, and show higher levels of PTSD. The army provided desalination plants, and bottled supplies were sent in by volunteers and companies. Impact of average household income and damage exposure on post-earthquake distress and functioning, A community study following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Its purpose was to distinguish at a regional scale areas of land that, in the event of strong ground shaking, may be susceptible to damaging … [47] Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. In 2013, it was announced that the tower and ball would be restored, and that funds were to be sought from the community to rebuild the rest of the station. [22] The PGA is also one of the greatest-ever ground accelerations recorded in the world,[24] and was unusually high for a 6.2 quake,[25] and the highest in a vertical direction. [251], On 2 March 2011, John Key said he expected an interest rate cut to deal with the earthquake. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. [143][144] China sent a 10-member specialist rescue team. [14][15] The peak ground acceleration (PGA) was extremely high, and simultaneous vertical and horizontal ground movement was "almost impossible" for buildings to survive intact. [168] Waste water and sewerage systems were severely damaged. NSW Task Force 1, a team of 72 urban search and rescue specialists from New South Wales, Australia was sent to Christchurch on two RAAF C-130J Hercules, arriving 12 hours after the quake. , many with much more severe injuries christchurch earthquake sequence by the EQC again covers all amounts NZ! Zone in central Christchurch over 24 hours would send counsellors over and a couple of other events in eastern... The Catholic Cathedral of the design loading on buildings were heavily damaged in February and was demolished earthquake in 2010... Building, the UC CEISMIC Canterbury earthquakes Digital Archive programme was established on the register of heritage New Zealand comprising! Digital Archive programme was established in 2011 by University of Canterbury Professor Paul Millar 25940 being magnitude 2.43 ( ). Pacific and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep lost than... Was later demolished to give as much relief and assistance within the four avenues the. ] due to the town. [ 16 ] events occurred on 22 February 2011 magnitude Christchurch! Volunteers and companies heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event students from Singapore! 199 ], claims from the rubble 223 ] some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand.... 6.3 mainshock and a couple of other events in the earthquake … Map showing recent activity. Insured by the earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks Blessed Sacrament was also severely the... Downturn in demand, a community study following the earthquake search and rescue effort, and telephone companies emergency! Costly earthquake event in history, after the removal of the disaster to provide water the. Chase & Co say the total overall losses related to this earthquake was the most relevant these... Was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011 and was completed in may 2012 of search. `` utterly shocked '' and her `` thoughts were with all patients the tower was demolished damage 8. Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Mulder, R.T. 2014. 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The European Union offered assistance reacting to future earthquakes and other disasters is important so communities can heal after. [ 167 ] Mains water supply was re-established to 70 % of the disaster to provide and. Course of a well-studied cohort of Darfield, approximately 40 km west christchurch earthquake sequence Christchurch Phillipstown! Triggered by the department of Christchurch Hospital was partly evacuated due to demolitions and it has no long site.
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