The southern elephant seal is my favourite type of seal, so I thought that I would share what I know about them. The amount of carbon monoxide present in the blood of an Elephant seal is similar to a person who smokes 40 cigarettes a day. At the start of lactation, the fat content is lower and the water content higher. Facts The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is the largest species of seal in the world. On occasion, a broken jaw or blinded eye may eventually lead to death, because that would impair foraging. Southern elephant seals have a thick layer of blubber that sustains them during the breeding season as they do not feed during this time. Only 30% of pups, male and female, live to be 4 years old. Seal Facts For Kids - Complete Knowledge Dite, Species, Habitat, Size and Much More - Duration: 3:34. Elephant seals differ from many other pinniped species, both in appearance and behavior. Elephant seals are shielded from extreme cold more by their blubber than by fur. If you witness someone harassing a marine animal, call 1.805.927.2068. The northern elephant seal is found in California while the southern elephant seal lives in sub-Antarctic waters and are the species you may see on our many trips around the region. The kelp forests, which are not far off shore, and the shallowness of the sea bed could help the seals avoid predation since shark attacks are more common in deeper water. They live off their blubber, relying on it to provide water and energy. Elephants Facts for Kids. Elephant Seal Behaviour The elephant seal is a powerful swimmer and well adapted to an aquatic life. The maximum lifespan of male seals is 14 years; females may live to be over 20. Piedras Blancas is the largest mainland rookery and the only one with easy access from a highway. See more ideas about Elephant seal, Elephant, Sea lion. Adult females are 9 to 12 feet in length and weigh between 900 and 1800 pounds. There are viewing walkways at each end of the parking lot, which are part of the California Coastal Trail and are wheelchair accessible. Related Video . In addition, they sometimes can be seen flipping sand under stressful conditions. Elephant facts. Southern Elephant Seal Facts for Kids The southern elephant seal is the heaviest of the seals. Interesting Elephant seal Facts: Elephant seal can reach 10 to 20 feet in length and 2000 to 8800 pounds of weight. They were close to extinction because they were hunted for their oil. The annual cycle begins in November with the arrival of mature males at the end of the month. Southern Elephant Seal Facts. The number of females in a harem varies according to the topography of the beach. Males enter puberty around 5 years of age, but they don’t reach their full size and maturity until they are around 9. Southern elephant seal males typically reaching a length of 5 m (16 ft) and a weight of 3,000 kg (6,600 lb), and are much larger than the adult females, with some exceptionally large males reaching up to 6 m (20 ft) in length and weighing 4,000 kg (8,800 lb); females typically measure about 3 m (10 ft) and 900 kg (2,000 lb). Saturday Fun Fact: Elephant seals are adapted to life in the marine environment. The southern elephant seal is the largest species of seal on the planet. Pups are 3 to 4 feet (1 m) long at birth and weigh about 70 pounds (32 kg). A male southern elephant seal weighs up to SEVEN times as much as a polar bear! (GA images) Thought to be extinct in the northern hemisphere by the end of the 1800s, due to heavy predation by sealers for hundreds of years, a small group of northern elephant seals was discovered on Guadalupe Island (off Mexico) in the 1880s. • They are excellent swimmers but move awkwardly while on land. However, overcrowding or failure to successfully wean a pup can prompt them to move to another rookery. Each year, elephant seals molt the skin and fur above the blubber. In the open ocean, where females spend almost all their time, there is evidence that they feed on small bio-luminescent creatures such as squid and lanternfish. During the breeding season, bulls battle each other for the right to breed with the females. The northern elephant seal is the largest seal in the northern hemisphere and the second largest seal in the world (after the southern elephant seal). Pups need to grow from 60 to 80 pounds at birth up to around 300 pounds in just one month. Their heart rate slows from 100+ beats per minute to around 40 beats per minute. Northern elephant seal facts! Deep Sea Divers – Elephant seals can hold their breath for up to 2 hours. Other interesting southern elephant seal facts: The southern elephant seal is not only the largest pinniped, but also the largest member of the Carnivora order. Elephant seals like large sandy beaches that do not have a significant human presence. Do not feed the squirrels. THEY MAINLY EAT SQUID. Can you see how the elephant seal got its name? Follow Friends of the Elephant Seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates and images from the rookery. • Male elephant seals are called bulls. While there are many bottom dwelling creatures on the shelf – fish, crab, octopus for example – tracking data indicate that the seals forage near the edge of the shelf, feeding most often on the slope. Before puberty, the only way you can tell is by looking at a seal’s abdomen. The Privacy policy on this site provides further information. Copyright © Friends of the Elephant Seal | 2020 All rights reserved. Elephant seals are large seals that live in the ocean, of which there are two species, both of which were hunted almost to extinction by the close of the 19th century. Elephant seal can be grey, light or dark brown or tan-colored, depending on the age, gender and season. There may be as few as 10 and as many as 50 females surrounding an alpha male. Their babies gain 3-5 pounds daily thanks to milk. While they are ashore for birthing and breeding, the females will lose 30 to 40 percent of their body mass. Quick facts about the world's second largest seal! These animals are huge when compared with other pinnipeds. Enormous & Big Mammals! The seal has a large body, short front flippers with nails, and webbed hind flippers. Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. Got its name is there in large patches and large fish their birth weight a “ pack in- pack ”... 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