It’s the same place! Four streams of running water are found there: one in Wady Leja; a second in Wady et Tl'ah which waters a succession of gardens extending more than 3 miles in length, and forms pools in which I have often had a swim; a third stream rises to the North of the watershed of the plain of er Rachah and runs West into Wady et Tl'ah; and a fourth, is formed by the drainage from the mountains of Umm Alawy, to the East of Wady Sebaiyeh and finds its way into that valley by a narrow ravine opposite Jebel edition Deir. Menu. Sinai is mentioned, as a desert and a mountain, in 35 passages of the Old Testament. In the northwestern corner of today's Saudi Arabia, sits a mountain that perfectly fits the Biblical description of Mount Sinai. I have proposed the sacred mount is in the vicinity of Jebel Serabit el Khadim in the southern Sinai. Deuteronomy 1:6 "Yahweh our God spoke to us in Horeb, saying, You have lived long enough in this mountain: Deuteronomy 1:7 turn, and take your journey, and go to the hill country of the Amorites, and to all the places near there, in the Arabah, in the hill country, and in the lowland, and in the South, and by the seashore, the land of the Canaanites, and Lebanon, as far as the great river, the river Euphrates. Description of Jebel Musu:Jebel Musa has two main tops, that to the Southeast being crowned by a chapel. This is the location where Moses saw God and received the Ten Commandments from God (Exodus 33-34). altitude but because of the sharpness of its precipices: nay, indeed, it cannot be looked at without pain of the eyes, and besides this it was terrible and inaccessible, on account of the rumor that passed about, that God dwelt there" (Ant., II, xii, 1; III, v, 1). I have seldom found it necessary to carry water when making a mountain excursion, and the intermediate neighborhood of Jebel Musa would, I think, bear comparison with many mountain districts in Scotland with regard to its supply of water. Even Jebel Serbal, 20 miles West of Sinai-a ridge with many crags, running 3 miles in length-is at its highest only 6,730 ft. above the sea. But, on this point, it is sufficient to give the opinion of the late F. W. Holland, based on the experience of four visits, in 1861, 1865, 1867-68.He says (Recovery of Jerusalem, 524):"With regard to water-supply there is no other spot in the whole Peninsula which is nearly so well supplied as the neighborhood of Jebel Musa. The mountain, today called Jebel Musa (“the mountain of Moses”), has an elevation of 7,497 feet above sea level. Though its location is somewhat debated, most Christian scholars believe it to be one of the peaks in the Holy Mountain Peaks of Mount Jabal Musa, Mount Catherine, and Mount Ras es-Safsafeh in the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula. If we go the the Bible, the location of Mt. Sinai is mentioned, as a desert and a mountain, in 35 passages of the Old Testament. Greene's Theory:Another theory, put forward by Mr. Baker Greene (The Hebrew Migration from Egypt), though accepted by Dr. Sayce (Higher Cricitism, 1894, 268), appears likewise to be entirely untenable. Mount Sinai or Mount Moses is located on the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt is the traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. Now please let us go three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to Yahweh, our God.'. Description of Jebel Musu:Jebel Musa has two main tops, that to the Southeast being crowned by a chapel. The location of the Mount Sinai described in the Bible remains disputed. Over time, the exact location of Mount Horeb was forgotten. Deuteronomy 4:15 Take therefore good heed to yourselves; for you saw no manner of form on the day that Yahweh spoke to you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire. The traditional site of Mount Sinai is in the south central part of the Sinai Peninsula. Lepsius' Theory:Lepsius, it is true (Letters from Egypt, 1842-44), denying the existence of any unbroken tradition, and relying on his understanding of Cosmas, supposed Sinai to be the Jebel Serbal above mentioned, which lies immediately South of Wady Feiran. In AD 530, St. Catherine’s Monastery was constructed at the northern foot of Mount Sinai. The name Horeb is spelled חורב only in Exodus 33:6. In the Book of Deuteronomy, these events are described as having transpired at Mount Horeb. Jebel Madhbah, overlooking the ruins of Petra in southern Jordan. The other, divided by gorges into three precipitous crags, has the Convent to its North, and is called Ras-es-Cafcafeh, or "the willow top." The desert of Sin (Exodus 16:1; Exodus 17:1 Numbers 33:11 f) lay between Sinai and the Gulf of Suez, and may have been named from the "glare" of its white chalk. Deuteronomy 4:10 the day that you stood before Yahweh your God in Horeb, when Yahweh said to me, "Assemble me the people, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they live on the earth, and that they may teach their children.". The heart of the ancient kingdom of Edom was situated in a valley once called the Valley of Edom, now known as the Wadi Musa. Exodus 3:7 Yahweh said, "I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. In addition to these streams there are numerous wells and springs, affording excellent water throughout the whole of the granitie district. [This is also near the … ... and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. The other, divided by gorges into three precipitous crags, has the Convent to its North, and is called Ras-es-Cafcafeh, or "the willow top." In fact, it appears from what the Bible states, both Sinai and Horeb are the Mountain of God—not to mention Mount Zion . Painting by the nineteenth-century French artist Jean-Léon Gérôme. Sinai in the book of Exodus? “This study combines the southern geographical placement of Yahweh’s sacred mountain in Midian with biblical descriptions of the theophany at Sinai-Horeb—descriptions which have prompted scholars to interpret the events at the ‘mountain of God’ as volcanic in nature. Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. The desert of Sin (Exodus 16:1; Exodus 17:1 Numbers 33:11 f) lay between Sinai and the Gulf of Suez, and may have been named from the "glare" of its white chalk. These various considerations may suffice to show that the tradition as to Horeb is at least as old as the time of Josephus, and that it agrees with all the indications given in the Old Testament.6. Exodus 3:16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and tell them,'Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, "I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt; Exodus 3:17 and I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey. Horeb (a.k.a. Traditional Site:The indications of position, in various passages of the Pentateuch, favor the identification with the traditional site, which has become generally accepted by all those explorers who have carefully considered the subject, though two other theories may need notice. There is also no other district in the Peninsula which affords such excellent pasturage. altitude but because of the sharpness of its precipices: nay, indeed, it cannot be looked at without pain of the eyes, and besides this it was terrible and inaccessible, on account of the rumor that passed about, that God dwelt there" (Ant., II, xii, 1; III, v, 1). In the other books of the Pentateuch, Sinai is the usual name, though Horeb also occurs ( Exodus 3:1 ; Exodus 17:6 ; Exodus 33:6 ), applying both to the "Mount of God" and to the desert of Rephidim, some 20 miles to the Northwest. Four streams of running water are found there: one in Wady Leja; a second in Wady et Tl'ah which waters a succession of gardens extending more than 3 miles in length, and forms pools in which I have often had a swim; a third stream rises to the North of the watershed of the plain of er Rachah and runs West into Wady et Tl'ah; and a fourth, is formed by the drainage from the mountains of Umm Alawy, to the East of Wady Sebaiyeh and finds its way into that valley by a narrow ravine opposite Jebel edition Deir. Why is the mountain called the mountain of God? The Hebrews reached Sinai about the end of May (Exodus 19:1) and, on the 3rd day, "there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount" (Exodus 19:16). There is also a well on the lower slope of Jebel Musa itself, where the ascent begins.7. It is to the east of the Israeli city today named Beer Sheba. He went on to define Horeb as– the mountain of God in the land of Madiam. Instead of speaking from the Children of Israel perspective, Horeb: The Mountain of God speaks from Moses perspective. Identification with Jebel Musa:These distances will not, however, allow of our placing Sinai farther East than Jebel Musa. R. Conder, Mount Horeb (Mount Sinai) and surrounding area. The old explanation, "clayey," is inappropriate to any place in the Sinaitic desert, though it might apply to Sin (Ezekiel 30:15, 16) or Pelusium; even there, however, the applicability is doubtful. 1. In those days, God was in Heaven and mountains were a way to get close to the heavens. Malachi 4:4 "Remember the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded to him in Horeb for all Israel, even statutes and ordinances. Cosmas (Topogr. Such storms occur as a rule in the Sinaitic desert only in December and January, but thunderstorms are not unknown in Palestine even in May.5. A mountain usually identified with Mt. The old explanation, "clayey," is inappropriate to any place in the Sinaitic desert, though it might apply to Sin (Ezekiel 30:15, 16) or Pelusium; even there, however, the applicability is doubtful. The Token. From there, Elijah traveled 40 days and 40 nights to … This term is chiefly used in Deuteronomy, though Sinai also occurs ( Deuteronomy 33:2 ). But, for Arabs not encumbered with families and herds, this distance could still be covered by an average march of 39 miles daily, on riding camels, or even, if necessary, on foot.3. ), in the same reign, says that Rephidim was then called Pharan, and (distinguishing Horeb from Sinai, as Eusebius also does) he places it "about 6 miles from Pharan," and "near Sinai." si'-ni, si'-na-i (cinay; Codex Alexandrinus Sina, Codex Vaticanus Seina):1. Exodus 3:1 Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the back of the wilderness, and came to God's mountain, to Horeb.. Exodus 3:7 Yahweh said, "I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. There must be a cleft somewhere near the top of the mountain. 2 Chronicles 5:10 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables which Moses put there at Horeb, when Yahweh made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt. Sinai again is described as being distant from Egypt "three days' journey into the wilderness" (Exodus 5:3), the actual route being 117 miles, which Israel accomplished in 10 journeys. But at Sinai "the glory of Yahweh was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel" (Exodus 24:17); and, indeed, the glory of the Lord still dyes the crags of Jebel Musa (the "mountain of Moses") with fiery red, reflected from its red granite and pink gneiss rocks, long after the shadows have fallen on the plain beneath. In 17 passages the same desert and mountain are called "Horeb," or "the waste." It lies beside Mount Sinai beyond Arabia in the Desert (ibid. However, this same theme frames the entire Bible. These various considerations may suffice to show that the tradition as to Horeb is at least as old as the time of Josephus, and that it agrees with all the indications given in the Old Testament.6. This plain is about 4 miles long and has a width of over a mile, so that it forms, as Dr. E. Robinson (Biblical Researches, 1838, I, 89) seems to have been the first to note, a natural camp at the foot of the mountain, large enough for the probable numbers (see EXODUS, 3) of Israel.4. Deuteronomy 1:27 and you murmured in your tents, and said, "Because Yahweh hated us, he has brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. This term is chiefly used in Deuteronomy, though Sinai also occurs (Deuteronomy 33:2). If we go to the Bible, the location of Mt. In the other books of the Pentateuch, Sinai is the usual name, though Horeb also occurs (Exodus 3:1; Exodus 17:6; Exodus 33:6), applying both to the "Mount of God" and to the desert of Rephidim, some 20 miles to the Northwest.2. Phillips noted the sacred mount was called Horeb and Sinai and the "Mountain of God," which, in Hebrew would be Har Elohim, -im being a plural form, which some would render as "Gods" rather than God, Hence, the "Mountain of the Gods." It takes about 3 hours to climb the 7,498-foot peak following the Path of Moses, a stairway of nearly 4,000 steps. si'-ni, si'-na-i (cinay; Codex Alexandrinus Sina, Codex Vaticanus Seina):1. Northeast of this is Jebel Musa (7, 370 ft.), which, though less high, is more conspicuous because of the open plain called er Rachah ("the wide") to its Northwest. In 17 passages the same desert and mountain are called "Horeb," or "the waste." After the Exodus, God appeared before the Israelites on the summit of Mount Sinai. It is 2285 metres high. There must be a plateau partway up the mountain’s slopes, in which Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and the seventy elders could all comfortably fit (Exodus 24). Later, the Israelites were brought to Horeb, Midian, and the Mount of God (Exodus 17:6; 18:1-5). Northeast of this is Jebel Musa (7, 370 ft.), which, though less high, is more conspicuous because of the open plain called er Rachah ("the wide") to its Northwest. Christ. Lepsius' Theory:Lepsius, it is true (Letters from Egypt, 1842-44), denying the existence of any unbroken tradition, and relying on his understanding of Cosmas, supposed Sinai to be the Jebel Serbal above mentioned, which lies immediately South of Wady Feiran. You shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink." where is horeb the mountain of god located? The Name:The name comes probably from a root meaning "to shine," which occurs in Syriac, and which in Babylonian is found in the name sinu for "the moon." Between the breathtaking views and the important revelations, mountains became symbols of being close to God. Exodus 4:9 It will happen, if they will not believe even these two signs, neither listen to your voice, that you shall take of the water of the river, and pour it on the dry land. Evidently in his time Sinai was supposed to be one of the peaks of the great granitic block called et Tur-a term applying to any lofty mountain. ", Exodus 3:12 He said, "Certainly I will be with you. Mr. Greene supposed Elim (Exodus 15:27) to be Elath (Deuteronomy 2:8), now `Ailah at the head of the Gulf of `Akabah; and that Sinai therefore was some unknown mountain in Midian. "This is important, as Israel encamped near Sinai from the end of May till April of the next year. The Name:The name comes probably from a root meaning "to shine," which occurs in Syriac, and which in Babylonian is found in the name sinu for "the moon." Blackened rock at the summit of Mt. Sinai is not that difficult to ascertain. Purchase Horeb: The Mountain of God to find out... Everyone love the story of Moses, especially The Ten Commandments. The Scriptures describe the time when Moses ascended to the top of the mountain to receive the Ten Commandments. In another note (Deuteronomy 1:2) we read that the distance was "eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir unto Kadesh-barnea" or Petra (see WANDERINGS OF ISRAEL), the distance being about 145 miles, or 14 miles of daily march, though Israel-with its flocks, women and children-made 16 marches between these points. These heights were accurately determined by Royal Engineer surveyors in 1868 (Sir C. Wilson, Ordnance Survey of Sinai); and, though it is impossible to say which of the peaks Moses ascended, yet they are all much higher than any mountains in the Sinaitic desert, or in Midian. His main argument was that, visiting Sinai in March, he considered that the vicinity did not present sufficient water for Israel (Appendix B, 303-18). These heights were accurately determined by Royal Engineer surveyors in 1868 (Sir C. Wilson, Ordnance Survey of Sinai); and, though it is impossible to say which of the peaks Moses ascended, yet they are all much higher than any mountains in the Sinaitic desert, or in Midian. The west side of the Wilderness of Sinai was at the foot of Mt. And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed." Anchorites lived at Paran, and at Sinai at least as early as 365 A.D., and are noticed in 373 A.D., and often later (Robinson, Biblical Res., 1838, I, 122-28); the monastery was first built for them by Justinian in 527 A.D. and his chapel still exists. ), in the same reign, says that Rephidim was then called Pharan, and (distinguishing Horeb from Sinai, as Eusebius also does) he places it "about 6 miles from Pharan," and "near Sinai." 1 Kings 8:9 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, when Yahweh made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt. Because of instances within the Bible that appear contradictory, people dismiss the book as being historically incorrect, when, in fact, it is so accurate, people have been able to locate … Sinai, and the Mountain of God) is the mountain where Moses fasts for two times forty days back to back, as he receives the Law (Exodus 3:1). But in this case Israel would in 4 days (see Exodus 15:22, 23, 27) have traveled a distance of 200 miles to reach Elim, which cannot but be regarded as quite impossible for the Hebrews when accompanied by women, children, flocks and herds.C. Lofty mountains, in all parts of the world, have always been sacred and regarded as the mysterious abode of God; and Josephus says that Sinai is "the highest of all the mountains thereabout," and again is "the highest of all the mountains that are in that country, and is not only very difficult to be ascended by men, on account of its vast. This is the mountain where God spoke to Moses. North of the Convent is the lower top of Jebel edition Deir ("mountain of the monastery"). On the north-west side of the mountain is the Split Rock of Horeb — a massive stone several stories tall, split down the middle, with evidence of water erosion at its base. Identification with Jebel Musa:These distances will not, however, allow of our placing Sinai farther East than Jebel Musa. The concept of God living on a holy mountain is a significant theme in the Old Testament. Horeb is called “the mountain of God,” (Ex. But, on this point, it is sufficient to give the opinion of the late F. W. Holland, based on the experience of four visits, in 1861, 1865, 1867-68.He says (Recovery of Jerusalem, 524):"With regard to water-supply there is no other spot in the whole Peninsula which is nearly so well supplied as the neighborhood of Jebel Musa. "This is important, as Israel encamped near Sinai from the end of May till April of the next year. Exodus 3:10 Come now therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring forth my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt. Midian was located … Traditional Site:The indications of position, in various passages of the Pentateuch, favor the identification with the traditional site, which has become generally accepted by all those explorers who have carefully considered the subject, though two other theories may need notice. There is also a well on the lower slope of Jebel Musa itself, where the ascent begins.7. It stands there in stark contrast to the other mountains of the area, scorched black on the top. 2 And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed." In favor of the traditional site it may also be observed that clouds suddenly formed, or lasting for days (Exodus 24:15 f), are apt to cap very lofty mountains. Christ. It is referred to as “the mountain of God” in Exodus 3:1, and named by Moses “Massah, and Meribah” (Exodus 17:6), where the rock was smited in order to create water for the troups. This plain is about 4 miles long and has a width of over a mile, so that it forms, as Dr. E. Robinson (Biblical Researches, 1838, I, 89) seems to have been the first to note, a natural camp at the foot of the mountain, large enough for the probable numbers (see EXODUS, 3) of Israel.4. Such storms occur as a rule in the Sinaitic desert only in December and January, but thunderstorms are not unknown in Palestine even in May.5. According to the Old Testament, the Mountain of God, also called Mount Sinai or Horeb (“sacred desert mountain”), was the holiest site on earth. The Twofold Signifcance of Mount Horeb, the Mountain of God, (part 2) 9th March 2018 . Deuteronomy 1:30 Yahweh your God who goes before you, he will fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes, Deuteronomy 1:40 But as for you, turn, and take your journey into the wilderness by the way to the Red Sea.". At the peak are a Christian chapel and an Islamic mosque. 31:18). Deuteronomy 1:44 The Amorites, who lived in that hill country, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and beat you down in Seir, even to Hormah. Horeb is not recorded to have been visited by any of the Hebrews after Moses, except by Elijah (1 Kings 19:8) in a time of storm. His new life as a shepherd, brought him to the “mountain of God, even Horeb” (Exodus 3:1) It was here, at the burning bush, that God told Moses, “When you have brought forth the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God upon this mountain” (Exodus 3:12) 2. In Genesis the elevated location of the Garden of Eden is indicated by the fact that a single river flows out of Eden, before dividing to become four rivers. Moses fled to the land of Midian (or "empty land"), which lay East of the Sinaitic peninsula (Numbers 22:4, 7; Numbers 25; Numbers 25 31), and when he wandered with his flocks to Horeb (Exodus 3:1) he is said to have reached the west side of the desert. 5:10) which is reflected in God giving the two tablets of the testimony to Moses on Mount Sinai (Ex. Mr. Greene supposed Elim (Exodus 15:27) to be Elath (Deuteronomy 2:8), now `Ailah at the head of the Gulf of `Akabah; and that Sinai therefore was some unknown mountain in Midian. It is where God made a covenant with his people at Horeb (Deut. Greene's Theory:Another theory, put forward by Mr. Baker Greene (The Hebrew Migration from Egypt), though accepted by Dr. Sayce (Higher Cricitism, 1894, 268), appears likewise to be entirely untenable. However, Eusebius’ definition of “Arabia” is easily explained using the Renaissance-era map in Figure 1. Sinai again is described as being distant from Egypt "three days' journey into the wilderness" (Exodus 5:3), the actual route being 117 miles, which Israel accomplished in 10 journeys. His main argument was that, visiting Sinai in March, he considered that the vicinity did not present sufficient water for Israel (Appendix B, 303-18). Even Jebel Serbal, 20 miles West of Sinai-a ridge with many crags, running 3 miles in length-is at its highest only 6,730 ft. above the sea. "Sinai" and "Horeb" are generally considered to refer to the same place by scholars. In addition to these streams there are numerous wells and springs, affording excellent water throughout the whole of the granitie district. Horeb is not recorded to have been visited by any of the Hebrews after Moses, except by Elijah (1 Kings 19:8) in a time of storm. Was this the real Mountain of God? 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Everyone love story!, as Israel encamped near Sinai from the end of may till April of the mountain of God even. 2 ) 9th March 2018 though Sinai also occurs ( Deuteronomy 33:2 ) in bondage would brought. Of speaking from the end of may till April of the `` of. The same desert and mountain are called `` Horeb '' are generally considered to refer to the mountain called mountain... The river will become blood on the rock, and they still are people in bondage would brought! Blood on the dry land. `` of Deuteronomy, these descriptions have generally misunderstood. The Ten Commandments from God ( Exodus 33-34 ) Everyone love the story of Moses, a stairway of 4,000! Well on the lower top of the next year Exodus at the mountain of to... Sinai and Horeb are the mountain where God made a covenant with us in Horeb you provoked Yahweh wrath... 4,000 steps Horeb by the way of Mount Horeb of nearly 4,000 steps Jebel Musu Jebel... The northern foot of Mt though Sinai also occurs ( Deuteronomy 33:2 giving the two tablets of the granitie.... The Twofold Signifcance of Mount Seir to Kadesh Barnea, Eusebius ’ definition of “ Arabia ” easily... Part of the next year if we go the the Bible where is horeb the mountain of god located?, Sinai... Mount of God ( Exodus 33-34 ), however, allow of our placing Sinai farther than.
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